China Map


Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xin for short) is located in North-West China, covering an area of 1.6 million square kilometers, and with a population of 15.5 million.
Surrounded by lofty mountains, Xinjiang Autonomous Region has in its territory, three huge mountains and two enormous basins: the Zhunkeer basin between the Tianshan Mountain and the Kunlun Mountain where the vast Takla Makan Desert is found. Most of its rivers are inland rivers, among which the Tarim River is the longest one. The Tianshan Mountain forms climate
demarcation line. It's temperate continental dry or semi-dry climate north of the Mountain while south of it, warm temperate continental dry climate. It has rich resources of coal, iron, petroleum, salt, gold and nonferrous metals, of which berylliun, lithium, white mica, albite, serpentines etc. hold the first place in China.
Its chief agricultural produce includes wheat, corn, cotton, silk-cocoons, melon and fruit etc. Among which cotton, melon and fruit hold a significant position in China. Being one of China's five major pastoral areas, it has advanced livestock breeding. Its main industries cover petroleum, coal, textile, foodstuff and metallurgy.
Highway and railway play a major part in transportation of the Xinjiang Autonomous Region, hand in hand with air service and transport through tubes.
Vast in area, Xinjiang has various types of geographical conditions and multitude of regional and ethnic cultures, as well as abundant historical and cultural resources. Among its scenic spots and historical sites are while popular Ravin of Jianhu in Urumqi, Heavenly Lake of the Tianshan Mountain, Flaming Mountains of Turpan, The Mosque in Kaxi, ancient city ruins of Lanlo etc. Main traditional and famous specialties comprise carpet, leather, fine-cashmere, Hami melon and seedless grapes.